The indirect studies, however, are vulnerable to a number of important criticisms, namely that other unaccounted factors might be contributing to job satisfaction levels . Job satisfaction is one of the most researched variables in the area of workplace psychology  , and has been associated with numerous psychosocial issues ranging from leadership to job design . what is the best essay writing service xbox Both approaches demonstrate higher satisfaction in older age, which could be due to a number of reasons, including that  :. Despite the assumption that having more questions can obtain more objective and accurate results as well as being less prone to error, research has shown that asking a single question, either on overall job satisfaction or on individual facets of job satisfaction can be equally as effective .
Because both the hygiene and motivational factors are viewed as independent, it is possible that employees are neither satisfied nor dissatisfied. However, this has lead to a large number of definitions, theories and measures. order a paper online jee main 2017 9th april However, the low relationship does suggest that other factors, besides enjoyment, contribute to how satisfied employees feel at work.
Linking Theory with Practice, Blackwell, Oxford, , pp. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Care also needs to be taken as there are also numerous ill fitting theories and measurements which can harm our understanding of job satisfaction. best term paper service students Retrieved 2 March , from:
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The aim of this study was to investigate the level of job satisfaction among medical secretaries and to identify the major predictors that affect their complaints about work. This study demonstrates that the accumulating enjoyment of work tasks added up to overall job satisfaction. The status of work should be strengthened and their future at work should be taken under assurance. Proponents of this approach believe that employees generally know how happy they are, and, therefore, there is little point in asking them multiple questions about the same thing. As a result, subsequent attempts to test this theory have obtained mixed results with some researchers supporting it   and others not  .
Moreover, it is thought that when motivators are met the employee is thought to be satisfied. However, job satisfaction is not only about how much an employee enjoys work. Organisations and practitioners that work across different national and cultural boundaries have to be aware of the suitability of the chosen measure to a particular workforce . However, more recently this approach is becoming less popular as it fails to consider the cognitive process of the employee and, in general, lacks empirical supporting evidence .
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While it is also important to explore what factors precede and are impacted by job satisfaction, this is covered in a separate article. This theory postulates that when hygiene factors are low the employee is dissatisfied, but when these factors are high it means the employee is not dissatisfied or neutral , but not necessarily satisfied. academic essay writing help in dubai However, when a scale of the same language is administered in two different cultures it can lead to respondents with different values understanding the scale differently .
The lack of a clear definition and conceptual understanding of self-actualisation, paired with a difficulty of measuring it, makes it difficult to measure what the final goal is or when it has been achieved. The availability of diverse job satisfaction measurements means those intending to measure this concept have the option of choosing a particular measure which best fits their purpose. buy a paper online kannada news Despite the availability of questions and measures for assessing job satisfaction, there are a few issues that need to be taken into consideration when selecting a suitable measure and when interpreting the results. However, it is difficult to deny that the motivating factors influence the surrounding environment and has an impact on how satisfied employees are in their work, and that personality or the JCM do not fully explain job satisfaction.
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The use of any scales across national boundaries raises various issues, and users of job satisfaction scales should bear in mind how two particular issues, language and culture, might affect their results . Across languages, the Nordic Employee Index  consistently assesses job satisfaction across the Nordic nations. The theory suggests that human needs form a five-level hierarchy Figure 1 consisting of: This article seeks to outline the key definitions relating to job satisfaction, the main theories associated with explaining job satisfaction, as well as the types of and issues surrounding the measurement of job satisfaction. They found similarities across countries, which have the same language or a similar cultural background.
Whether or not an employee is satisfied is dependent on the motivator factors. It is also important to be aware on how job satisfaction impacts on worker health and productivity, which is explored further in the Job satisfaction: Descriptive statistics, significance tests and confidence tests were gained by SPSS The popularity of job satisfaction has lead to numerous measures being created for this concept.