Sustaining the commitment of investigators and community partners is a key challenge Cook et al, ; Heenan, However, she had not discussed the research in detail with her executive director. First, research teams include community research partners on equal terms Reutter et al,
However, there continues to be a wide gap among academics, researchers, policy makers, service managers and service providers Lehmann et al, According to research programme staff experience, activities with smaller teams have been easier to co-ordinate. Research findings are always presented to partners and study participants in ways that are understandable and useful. case study writing services transactional Collaborative initiatives in this research programme are encouraged and sustained by other auspicious factors, such as funding bodies that encourage community-based approaches and the enthusiasm of community partners who experience the plight of vulnerable people first-hand.
According to research programme staff experience, activities with smaller teams have been easier to co-ordinate. The experienced leadership of the co-principal investigators articulates a collective vision; that is, social support as a key resource for vulnerable groups, as the basis for project goals. best online writing service video game rental Two important elements of these collaborative studies are the selection of persons who can work together on a common research agenda Woods et al, , and have prior experience working with each other Israel et al, ; Bourdages et al, Mentorship by the principal investigator and co-investigators develops and extends knowledge and appreciation of the entire research process and of interdisciplinary collaboration Fox-Wasylyshyn et al,
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Research is required to develop the knowledge base for more effective interdisciplinary collaboration. Fourth, research teams hire community members and professionals to facilitate interventions and to conduct interviews. Academic investigators collectively have varied disciplinary backgrounds see Table 1. Research staff who come from various disciplines also contribute knowledge and skills that benefit academic investigators.
Our collaborating investigators are drawn from diverse disciplinary backgrounds and community partners in multiple sites, which enables methodological diversity, expeditious data collection and larger sample sizes. Our collaborative initiatives also enable community groups to guide relevant research and generate support at local, provincial and national levels. These community agencies would be more open to partnerships with research teams if the research question, methods, activities, etc. Because the SSRP focuses on one social determinant of health, that is social support, in relationship with other determinants of health, the social support framework is used in all projects Stewart and Langille,
The professional Fox-Wasylyshyn et al, and experiential Hviding, knowledge of these partners is crucial and helps to guide project design. Communication via teleconference is at times confusing, ineffective and frustrating, especially when there are too many people on line. Programmes, practice and policies informed by collaborative research can formulate effective strategies that reduce disparities and promote the wellbeing of diverse vulnerable populations. Such interdisciplinary relationships see Box 1 can reduce the costs associated with system reform McCallin, and enhance service quality Bradshaw, ; Irvine et al, , because priority problems inevitably cut across disciplines Schoenberger, ; Arriola et al, ; Hviding, ; Boydell and Volpe, In project 1, the research was initiated by community members Reutter et al, ; Table 2 , representing an ideal case of a participatory community-development initiative Israel et al, ; Lantz et al,
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Meetings provide opportunities to define goals and process, and to plan and evaluate activities and progress. Mentorship by the principal investigator and co-investigators develops and extends knowledge and appreciation of the entire research process and of interdisciplinary collaboration Fox-Wasylyshyn et al, These community agencies would be more open to partnerships with research teams if the research question, methods, activities, etc.
To illustrate the points made here, the participatory action strategy of including community members in conducting research in project 1 see Table 1 reinforced feelings of competence, self-worth and importance in participants Reutter et al, ; Henneman et al, , enhanced the quality of the process and research results Israel et al, , and promoted trust and openness during interviews Reutter et al, Hiring community members to conduct research builds capacity Israel et al, Furthermore, team members serve as links to an expanded network of resources Fox-Wasylyshyn et al, In the first part of the paperwe outline the programme itself and explain how it is put into practice.
One way to remedy such situations and maintain commitment from community partners is through a declaration of formal partnership that outlines partnership responsibilities and commitments to the research. Given the complex research problems and methodologies in the intervention studies, core and coinvestigators have complementary expertise in qualitative, quantitative and participatory research methodologies. buying wallpaper tips Hiring community members to conduct research builds capacity Israel et al,
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The participatory approach rests on a series of steps that expand the traditional use of quantitative and qualitative methods Israel et al, and are germane to research with vulnerable populations Reutter et al, ; Stewart et al, We would like to acknowledge with appreciation the invaluable contributions from Edward Shizha and Christine Daum in the writing of this paper. The investigation of complex factors underpinning disparities necessitates the collaborative expertise of diverse disciplines and partners in practice and policy domains.
In our multisite study 7 see Table 1 , we experienced loss of data as the result of conflicting philosophical viewpoints. Co-investigators provide sound, nurturing leadership. The reduction of health disparities demands interdisciplinary perspectives, in a variety of settings, because of the complex relationships among social determinants Hawkins and Haggerty,
Israel et al, ; Woods et al, ; Lantz et al, ; Glasser et al, ; Fox-Wasylyshyn et al, Work schedules are flexible to accommodate individual staff and investigator needs. Diverse perspectives foster comprehensive, multidimensional analysis of the support and health needs of vulnerable groups, and the multisite research strategies that we use enable methodological diversity, expeditious data collection and larger sample sizes. Other authors confirm the benefit of small and enduring teams Giacomini, for facilitating meetings and the equitable division of labour, and avoiding protracted decision making Fox-Wasylyshyn et al,